Eight years ago, when we launched Naturist Action Group, we had two aims; to campaign for the lifestyle’s wider acceptance and to represent a broad range of views within UK Naturism. We thought we had a reasonable grasp of the issues involved, and we had the beginnings of a plan.
Today though, NAG is announcing what will arguably be its biggest project to date, it is an attempt to learn more about UK naturism, the opinions of naturists in this country to find out how we think collectively. Let me ask the question that must be forming on your lips by now: Why?
In part it is in response to Rayner Otter, who last year wrote an essay [H&E Naturist, March 2017] about what he saw as the future of naturism following his nine-years of observing the European naturist scene. You could say, I’m putting my money where my mouth is, for I argued that naturism didn’t need conclusions based on observation but from robust research [H&E Naturist, July 2017]. To be fair, Rayner responded generously saying he too agreed with the premise. However, as a British-based organisation we are chiefly concerned about UK naturism, so the survey we shall be conducting will be restricted to those living in the United Kingdom, or British nationals living abroad while maintaining strong links with the UK.
The other part is that it’s really time we took a look at ourselves; are we serving naturism and naturists well? Are the things we think we know, accurate. Could we do things differently, better, smarter? And finally, can we describe the British person attracted to the lifestyle in any detail?
These are our goals and while I cannot promise we will achieve all of them perfectly we shall, with your help, make a good attempt.
This survey is for anyone 18-years and over, so married couples or co-habiting partners can complete separate questionnaires, as can any adult children. Once you have completed the survey, please share this post on social media, or by whatever means is available to you, with your naturist friends and family, encouraging them to complete it too. We want as many replies as possible, from the young and old, male or female, Black, Brown or White, computer savvy or not. The more replies we get, from as broad a spectrum of society as possible, the more accurate the survey will be.
UK NATURISM SURVEY— Closing date for replies: 31/12/2018.
If online forms are not your forte then we have a Word document (.docx) that can be used either as an editable electronic document on your desk top or printed, to be used as a paper survey. Send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org with the word “Survey” in the subject line and you will receive a reply within 24hours. Or send a self-addressed envelope (DL or C5) with a first- or second-class stamp to: UK Naturism Survey, c/o Reg Barlow, 6 Brunswick Street, Bingley, West Yorkshire, BD16 4PL and a pre-printed paper survey will be posted to you. Surveys returned by post and postmarked 31/12/2018 will be accepted. Just follow the instructions provided.
Many thanks for your co-operation, and don’t forget to share.
18 November 2018
A final year student at Bournemouth University is writing his (her) dissertation for their undergraduate honours degree course in Events and Leisure Marketing.
The dissertation is looking at participation and interaction at naturist events. It will take between 5 and 10 minutes to complete and is fully compliant with the university’s procedures for research involving human subjects.
Like all such surveys, participation in the Naturist Interaction survey is voluntary and by doing so, you are confirming you are at least 18. Other than passing on the link, NAG has no involvement with this piece of academic work.
Would you be interested in joining a naturist sailing flotilla?
For the last 2 years a group of British naturists have got together to enjoy a sailing flotilla in the sunny Mediterranean. This is a normal Sailing Holidays flotilla in hired boats, the main difference being that whenever possible we sail, swim, sunbathe and socialise naked. The voyages have been very successful and enjoyable, and another one is planned for 2 weeks from 23rd September 2018, starting and ending at Preveza in Greece, and cruising in the southern Ionian Sea. We are booking the flotilla through Sailing Holidays Ltd., a well-known and fully ABTA & ATOL bonded holiday company we have used before. We would like to make the 2018 cruise as naturist as possible, so we are inviting other naturists to join us. If the idea appeals to you, please email Jim Hutton on: email@example.com for further details and to answer any queries you may have. Sailing experience is not essential, so long as you are able bodied and have a willing attitude. Flotilla sailing can be an ideal way to try sailing for the first time, especially in the warm Ionian sea. You can book your own boat, or share one. Couples or singles are welcome.
Or perhaps that should read, what is naturism? Over two issues of H&E Naturist, starting in March 2017, Rayner Otter has given us the benefit of his and his Fräulein’s extensive travels and casual observations around naturist Europe and the world. If he has been understood correctly, the premise of his essay is that most young people are not bothered by labels and prefer to be naked among friends, even if those friends decide not to undress themselves and with nudity depending on multiple factors. That organised naturism is either dead or dying and eventually organisations like British Naturism or the INF will disappear. And let’s not omit Naturist Action Group out of this equation either, we are history. The future of naturism is the individual, social nudity is all in the past.
I consider that to be a very bleak prospect, but perhaps Rayner is right. We have seen a massive shift in social attitudes since the 1960s, away from doing things collectively with others to the self. From we to I. Something made more observable by the use of mobile devices connected to the internet via wifi and social media, which in reality is anti-social. You can test this theory yourselves the next time you are on a bus or train. Put away your own mobile device and look around you, what do you see?
So where does this leave naturism, commonly defined as non-sexual social nudity? Exactly where Rayner said it was! Martin Warrilow (H&E Naturist, Opinion, April 2017) seems to think so and, seven years ago, Charlie Simmonds wrote along similar lines when NAG launched itself upon the world, so maybe there is something in it. My problem is that they are observations, made over many months if not years, and unless the observer is omnipresent, they can only see the conditions being observed at that single point in time and place. What occurred in one place on a specific day may not be true for the same place the next day or for a different location, even if it’s the other end of the same beach, on the same day. Casual observations have only limited uses, but people do put great store by them. After all is there not a saying: ‘seen with my own eyes’? We in NAG have supported the idea of academic research in order to further our understanding of the effects of nudity on young minds. Does it corrupt and destabilise it in later life, as so many people seem to think, or does it enhance the mind, creating a body positive image reducing incidents of body dysmorphia? I have no idea, but I await the results of Dr Keon West’s and others research with interest. If we are prepared to do that, why should we not use the same rigour to understand naturism itself?
Ah, you will say, but we have. Hasn’t British Naturism commissioned two surveys, one in 2001 and the other in 2013, done by commercial research companies. They did, the problem is that neither report has been published, and privately, I have been told they never will. So the figure of four million naturists in the UK quoted by Rayner and many others is the result of a leak and has never been substantiated. I have even seen (observation again) someone trying to use it as part of their defence in a magistrate’s court, only to have it dismissed because court officials could not go to a report in the public domain to verify the claim. So, basically, British Naturism has wasted its money.
But lets not be too hasty and dismiss what has been observed by Rayner, Martin and Charlie without consideration. We all know, even if its just a ‘gut feeling’ naturism in the UK has changed as society has changed. People are far more accepting of nudity or being nude, with protests like the World Naked Bike Ride, or those by Femen and PETA attesting to that, but does that really show a greater interest or participation in a clothes free lifestyle. (BTW, Rayner used the term Clothes Unnecessary, abbreviated to CUN; not a good idea because I can see some wag adding a letter to it leading to all kinds of trouble.) We just can’t say, not without asking each and every participant. Even then the answers of one person to a question may not be the same as someone else; the old problem ‘ask 100 x the same question and you get 100 answers’. What we need is not a survey, but two surveys. First one built along similar lines to the surveys commissioned by British Naturism but with more rigorous control over the way its conducted. That doesn’t mean it has to use the Gold Standard of academic research, a commercial researcher like YouGov or Ipsos Mori would be fitting for the project but it will cost more than the £5,000 I believe quoted for the last survey commissioned by British Naturism. It needs to get under the skin of British society and its attitudes to nudity, social or otherwise? It could also tell us, with a moderate degree of accuracy, just how many people in the United Kingdom have a clothes optional attitude to life (not necessarily naturist) and act upon it.
The second survey stems from Stéphane Deschênes’ letter to the INF dated 24 Feb 2016, when he wrote: ‘The INF-FNI needs to remember that naturism is an ideology or philosophy, not an activity.’ It is the question about naturism being an ideology or a philosophy that the second survey will try to answer. We cannot possibly organise a worldwide survey but we can look at doing our corner of it, directing a survey towards UK naturists as a single community, to find out what it thinks. I suspect that it will throw up a lot of contradictions but could also show areas of commonality. It could show if naturism is akin to an article of faith (ideology), something that might be of interest to Christian Naturists, or something different. Such a survey would be helpful to British Naturism (and NAG of course) to understand just who they represent, to H&E Naturist in defining its readership, to existing naturist clubs and to anyone wishing to set one up or perhaps any other type business catering to a niche clientele. It will in effect be a census but one that will be aimed at a specific group of people, those who participate in, and enjoy the clothes free lifestyle.
It sounds, and probably is, a lot of work organising two closely related but very different surveys, and I’m sure there will be a lot of objections to this suggestion. Not least from the ‘it’s too hard’ or ‘why bother’ brigades. From his observations, Rayner has put forward a hypothesis that as a concept clothes free living will loose its distinction in society and be individualistic. Another so called ‘given’ is that children’s psychological development is harmed by seeing adults in the nude, often with the unsubstantiated refrain “but what about the children” heard in court and treated as though it ends all arguments. NAG has been instrumental in persuading British Naturism, and through them the INF, to support research that will either prove or disprove the statement. If, as we suspect, it is nonsense then we shall have in the public domain research that will counter any such statement made in court or elsewhere. In the same manner, we must test Rayner’s hypothesis with research and not blithely accept it as a given fact. If that’s what you want, the bleakness of Rayner’s hypothesis, then what is the point of INF, of British Naturism, of NAG, of club, of H&E Naturist? We might as well pack up now.
Only why should we accept anything without question. Naturists and naturist organisations have used the example of the remarkable journey taken over the last 20 years or so by the LGBT community. Does anyone think that that journey was made possible through just an annual get-together in Gay Pride? Without doubt, organisations like Stonewall also did boring stuff like gather evidence and used the language of politics and business to persuade those with the power to bring about a change in social attitude. Naturists need to do the same, if we want to follow the same path.
Park Authority says No.
Last month I mentioned a council in Tasmania that was prepared to hear a proposal by the Tasmanian Nudist Group to create a clothes optional beach because of the advantages to the local economy.
And yet, 12,000 miles away – according to Southern Daily Echo (23/09/2016) – the New Forest Park Authority has dismissed an application from Avondale Sun Club to expand their offer to non-members. They asked to be allowed overnight stays for up to three caravans and 15 tents at weekends and special events. The reason they gave was that it would ‘require a full change of planning permission’.
I wonder what Avondale’s argument was, when they went to the New Forest Park Authority? Was it “Please let us have overnight says for 26 weekends a year.” (Tugging forelocks.) Or was it, “We want to be allowed to have overnight stays at weekends because it will attract (enter number here) tourists to the New Forest per year and we know naturists will put £(enter figure here) into the local economy.” What do you think would be more persuasive?
Anthony Horowitz Interview
In an interview published in the Radio Times (09/10/2016), essentially about his new BBC TV series New Blood, writer Anthony Horowitz was asked by an audience member at the Cheltenham Literature Festival, if he was a naturist and he replied: ‘Yes I am.’
The reason why he was asked that question was because naturism is a theme featured in Horowitz’s new novel, Magpie Murders. I feel an itch to buy a book.
Berlin, Paris, London?
According to MailOnline (23/09/2016) the Green Party in Paris is proposing an Englischer Garten-style area for Parisian naturists.
In France, open space naturism is illegal and anyone caught could be fined €15,000 or given a 12 month prison sentence. So taking a naked stroll along a footpath in open country, or stripping off on an undesignated beach could land you in some seriously hot water. Paris nudists groups, however, have complained about overcrowding at the facilities they do have in the city, so this proposal by the Green Party is most certainly welcomed.
The designated space has not been announced, but speculation has suggested Daumesnil Lake in Bois de Vincennes, on the eastern side of Paris. The French government also plans to turn this lakeside area into a public swimming zone by 2019.
In the summer just gone, London hosted a pop-up restaurant – Bunyadi – that boasted a waiting list of 46,000 potential customers. Does that not suggest to City of London Managers that a similar Englischer Garten-style zone could be an asset to Londoners in the city’s extremely large open spaces?
Making a Break Through with Nude Yoga
An interesting article by JoAnne Viviano for The Columbus Dispatch (13/09/2016) about naked (nude) yoga has come my way and seems to have relevance for naturism.
The article quotes Amy Paterson, who attends Dharma House, a Yoga studio in Columbus, Ohio: ‘Prior to this practice I, like most women, really struggled with a lot of body image issues and
A Film for All The Family
It is not often that I mention a film in this column. Ok, not ever. I leave it to others but if you are looking for a film that can entertain multi-generational audiences then what better than a Disney animation. So can I point you towards Zootopia, (Zootropolis in the UK for some reason) set in a land where the animals live in peace, with Idris Elba? Like so many animated films today meant for a U certificate there are layers of jokes and references. The reason why I mention it is that it features Mystic Springs Oasis, a naturist club owned by a laid back Yak. Did I mention it is by Disney?
Looking for Paradise?
For naturists, a small Mediterranean island – Ile du Levant – off the French coast near Toulon could lay claim to being paradise. According to the Wall Street Journal (10/03/2016) however, all is not well, and Jean-Yves Gacon, the president of the homeowners association on the island, is its source.
Brothers, Drs. Andre and Gaston Durville bought their portion of the island in 1931, after it had a chequered history as a young offenders penitentiary and orphanage. Most of the island is a military base but on the Durville’s portion, the village Heliopolis grew in the 1950s with its own town hall, a post office, school and chapel built by and for the residents.
When the community was first founded, there were certain areas – like the town square – people were expected to wear ‘la minimum’. Over the years enforcement has been lacks and naturists have got used to passing through the town square from the beach (where nudity is obligatory) to their hotel, naked. M. Gacon says he has researched the history of the community and discovered that the Durville brothers were rarely ‘entirely nude’ but wore a ‘stringy garment’ instead. Claiming historical precedence the homeowners association is now enforcing the old rules and has been backed up by the Mayor of Hyeres, under whose jurisdiction the Ile du Levant falls.
Like lots of other naturist sites, Ile du Levant has an aging population and M. Gacon believes by reverting to the old rules, he will make the island a popular holiday destination once more. But wouldn’t that also mean loosing a unique facility to naturism?
End of the Road for WNBR in Melbourne
For the last decade, Melbourne, Australia has been a host of the World Naked Bike Ride, but this year was the last one.
According to website Road.CC, more than 100 people took part but Dallas Goldburg told The Age that it took a lot of organising and that he believed that ‘cycling and cycling awareness has become a full time job, not just one day a year.’
We could say the same about being an advocate for naturism.
Mazo Beach Closed
Nudism at Mazomanie Beach, one of a few sites in the US State of Wisconsin, along the Wisconsin River, is no more. The State’s Department of Natural Resources (DNR) has closed the beach, citing illegal drug use and anti-social behaviour (public sex) as its reasons.
A homeowner, living near the beach told 27 News however, that it wasn’t the naturists who were causing the problem. He said: ‘We’d see more than a 100 cars lined up on the road with license plates from states like Indiana, Minnesota and Illinois.’ But the President of Mazomanie Village said loosing of the nudist dollar would have minimal effect on the village.
The DNR officials said that nudist activity was not allowed under the department’s rules and failed to respond when 27 News asked them why they acted now, after allowing custom and practice to develop for the last 20-years. According to their website, Friends of Mazo Beach said they are acting, along with the assistance of the Naturist Action Committee (not us) and legal counsel, to reverse the decision.
Topless in Chicago
In 2014, Sonoko Tagami decided to join in with ‘Go Topless Day’ demonstrations in Chicago and, along with other protesters, covered her chest in body paint to comply with a Municipal Code requiring women to have an ‘opaque covering’ over their breasts. The police decided that this still violated the code and Tagami was fined $100 for indecent exposure, plus $50 in costs.
According to the Chicago Tribune (04/03/2016), Tagami has now filed a lawsuit against the city and Chicago Department of Administrative Hearings, seeking a reversal of her original conviction.
Tagami had tried to claim that the Municipal Code was un
Have you holidayed in Crete, at Vritomartis perhaps? Then you could be the winner of a writing competition by writing 200 words or more about your experience. The competition ends on 22nd April 2016, so there’s still plenty of time. You can get more details from Vritomartis’ blog, which includes some examples. Just to get you going, here is one by Greg from Virginia, USA.
The Campaign for National Parks is celebrating its 80th anniversary by running a survey asking people how they use national parks and how they think parks should be managed in the future.
In a section asking respondents what activities they enjoy doing in national parks, there is no mention of naturism.
If as many people as possible mention in the ‘other activities’ sections of this survey, that they would like better opportunities, freedoms, facilities etc., for nude recreation in National Parks, it would at least transmit the message that there is a demand for this. At present the managers of National Parks probably don’t even know that anyone would want to go naked in the countryside. Let’s tell them!
The survey only takes a minute or two, and can be found at: https://www.surveymonkey.com/r/cnp80yrs
In July, two articles published by the travel section of Independent Online (IOL) of South Africa possibly gave a confusing picture about naturism in Europe in general and Germany in particular.
The first – Germany, it’s no longer for nudists – (14 July 2014) lamented that the country that brought us naturism in the late 19th century, is losing its naturists. It would be wrong to say that FKK will disappear anytime soon, as they still have 40,000 members and 145 clubs, but the membership is getting older, with the largest contingent currently in their fifth decade. Anyone under the age of 25 is a rarity.
Kurt Fischer, president of the German Federation of Naturist Clubs (DFK) blamed the falling numbers on social change. The first of these is the changing work patterns, with free time being dictated by the employer. ‘People are no longer prepared to commit,’ lamented Fischer. Twenty years ago, people would have the weekend to rest and recuperate, to get ready for work on Monday morning and some of them spent it at a naturist club. Today, the demands of the workplace means the weekend is no longer sacrosanct and people are required to spend at least a part of it working. So, whatever free time we do have to be with our friends and family has a significance that it did not have before and with competing attractions, naturist clubs that are open only at specific times during the week or year are loosing out.
The second is the rise of fashion consciousness among the young. Most people want to be fashionable in whatever era we grow up in. When I was young, it was flared trousers and platform shoes. A decade or so earlier, my brothers wanted to wear hipsters that re-emerge in the early 2000s as the bum-cleavage revealing low-rise jeans. Whatever crimes against fashion we commit when young, it is in the name of growing up and learning to be an adult. Identifying with others with a similar mindset to our own is infinitely easier if we wear similar clothes and while most of us grow out of whatever ‘tribe’ we associate ourselves with, by then most of us have got out of the habit of just simply enjoying ourselves naked.
The young, remarked the article, are far less likely than their parents to ditch the trunks and bikini in public. Paradoxically it went on to say that ‘uncommitted naturism’, such as skinny-dipping in a lake or river, is still as strong as ever in Germany. French Geographer Emmanuel Jaurand, author of a comparative study of German naturism concluded that they are still committed to ‘urban public nudity that is uninhibited and quiet’ as between eight and 12 million of them will still participate in open space nudism. Peter Zellmann of the Vienna-based Research Centre for Leisure and Tourism, said: ‘it has become natural; it’s part of a lifestyle where we want to reconnect with nature.’
That’s strange because this is exactly what the German founders of the naturist movement were trying to do, to reconnect the townsfolk, living under harsh Victorian working conditions, to the natural environment around them. But while the pioneers felt the need for order and structure, according to Zellmann, the nudists today no longer feel that same need.
The other article published by IOL (Dare to go bare with nude sunbathing? 25 July 2015), gives further insight into the social behaviours of holidaymakers the world over through the annual Flip Flop survey carried out by Internet travel company, Expedia. The survey includes the results from 12,000 holidaymakers in 24 countries across five continents. It discovered that European women are the most likely to go topless, with almost half the Austrian women surveyed (49 per cent) dispensing with the bikini top, followed by their Spanish (42 per cent) and German (39 per cent) sisters.
As for taking the lot off, the global average for being nude on holiday is just 12 per cent. Breaking it down into nationalities, 28 per cent of Austrian and German holidaymakers are happy to ditch the swim wear entirely, while at the other end of the extreme, only 12 per cent of Britons and 13 per cent of Americans will do the same.
The 2013 estimated populations for Germany (81 million) and UK (64 million), mean the Expedia’s findings suggest that there are 22.7 million Germans who holiday in the nude while 7.7 million Britons do the same. Results that lead to more questions being asked than answered, as we don’t truly understand why Expedia’s figures are out of alignment with other data on naturism that is publically available.
So, what do the two IOL articles tell us? Yes, we can perhaps say that far more people are at least prepared to enjoy a naturist holiday, but are they also naturists back home? That the younger generations maybe more strait-laced than their parents and, who knows, grandparents were but they still appear to indulge in casual open space social nudity when it feels appropriate to them and do not feel the need for any infrastructure. Will they feel differently when they get older? Only time will tell.
What should be remembered, however, is that these articles only provided a snapshot and not the full picture. In Germany, the number of people joining organised naturism is falling. That was already known and is affecting other countries just as badly. While the Expedia survey was done for commercial reasons and no doubt there were details of the survey that was not published but a good story about people taking their clothes off always gets the public’s – and therefore the media’s – attention. What these two articles do show though, is that we don’t actually know where naturism fits into today’s society and it would not be out of place to quote the former US Vice-president, Donald Rumsfeld: “There are known knowns. These are things we know that we know. There are known unknowns. That is to say, there are things that we know we don’t know. But there are also unknown unknowns. There are things we don’t know we don’t know.”
Naturism has certainly changed over the last 50 years or so. It may have changed even more radically in the last two decades, but I don’t believe we actually know by how much and in what direction. Without a complete understanding of social nudity within society then we are fighting with both our hands behind our backs. If we can understand the naturist fully then maybe organized naturism will have a brighter future, but until that day arrives we are just guessing and shooting in the dark.
Back when June was really flaming, a comment was made on facebook site Naturist England expressing the poster’s regret that he could not visit his local club mid-week, it being closed. It is hard to imagine anyone in his position who would not, given the weather at the time, hot and airless, want to do so. Nude seemed to be the most comfortable mode of uum… dress. It transpired, however, the club in question had been the victim of vandalism in the past so the site was locked up during the working week.
On the face of it, this was a proper and logical response to a problem, but was it the only answer the club could have used?
During the good summer weather clubs are pretty much full at weekends as members take the opportunity to top up their tans and enjoy the fresh air. Only we don’t have good weather just at the weekends and naturism isn’t just a weekend activity. Perhaps that isn’t your club though and you can call in and see other members who have chosen to spend the day (or part of it) enjoying the good weather. But is it full? Could the club have accommodated a few more, just for the day?
Visit England, the tourist board for England, collate the number of day visits of three-hours or more made in the country, and between March and May 2013 they counted 524 million visits worth a cool £14.5 billion (GB Day Visits 2013, March-May GB and England). It is hard to credit that and this was before the heatwave. These figures are unlikely to include any results from naturist clubs however, because this data is not collected by anyone, not even British Naturism. Yet, with that number of visits being made to non-naturist sites it must have included naturists among the visitors. Therefore the potential for weekday visitors to naturist clubs is an obvious, if unproven, conclusion to make.
In August I mentioned an episode of The Naturist Living Show by Stéphane Deschênes who used his experience in marketing to give a few tips on promoting naturism. It is a very informative programme and still available from the website to download. In the show, Stéphane remarked how he had encouraged day visitors to his club – Bare Oaks Family Naturist Park – in Canada by matching his daily entry price with that of a local golf club. Here in West Yorkshire, my local municipal golf course charges £30 for the day. Just out of curiosity I asked the beleaguered naturist on Naturist England how much he would have paid to visit his chosen club. £16 came the reply. At that price, a quick calculation suggests that over a 15-week season the club could have an extra £12,000 in income if they got an average of 10 weekday visitors per day. Raise that daily rate to £30 and the income goes up to £22,500. This obviously doesn’t taken into account the outgoings, such as wages for any seasonal staff employed, NI contributions and so forth, but in my opinion the advantages of opening the club during the week are multiple and outweigh the disadvantages:
- With people using the site more of the time trespassers, the main cause of vandalism, are deterred, which may bring down insurance premiums;
- The club will be improving customer service by moving to accommodate its existing members by offering extended hours, rather than its members accommodating the club by confining their visits to certain times;
- It will help with recruitment to the club. Rather than having specific open days, the curious/interested could visit anytime during the week and perhaps find it less intimidating to be naked in company when the club is less full. They may also be younger than the usual person encountered by the club and it will not be inconveniencing existing members;
- It may help to control the “unaccompanied male problem” – if it exists – if those stuck on a waiting list could still visit the club when it is less busy without necessarily joining;
- And finally, the club will be helping to promote naturism generally, with hardly any extra effort on the part of the committee or its members.
This may not be a perfect answer for every club, but it is an option that should not be overlooked or dismissed out of hand. According to an article published by Digital Journal, by Marcus Hondro (published 20 Aug 2013), and quoting The Daily Star, it said that the British public has shown lots interest in naturism and have contacted clubs as a result. One club – Tando in north Tyneside – reported an increase ranging from 100 to 200 per cent. While it is without doubt the good weather that brought about this rise, to keep them the clubs must provide the kind of customer service they have come to expect from elsewhere. The last thing anyone planning a visit to a naturist club, or anywhere else for that matter, is to see a “CLOSED” sign on the door when everywhere else is open for business.